Posted by: K. Achiever | September 7, 2009

Difference of Personnel and HR Management

The following is an exercise of HR study.

Some experts assert that there is no difference between human resources and personnel management. They state that the two terms can be used interchangeably, with no difference in meaning. But Decenzo and Robbubs writer of the HR Management Book and others argued that the personnel Management and H.R Management are different aspect.

The personal departments in organization were often perceived as the health and happiness crews since 1960s. Their primary job activities involved planning company picnics, scheduling vacations, enrolling worker for health care coverage and planning retirement parties.

Previous time, the worker performed a job in a specific department, working on particular job tasks with other who did similar jobs but today work environment are totally changed from previous time. Global competition has also increasing the importance of organizations improving the productivities of their workforce. HR Management required knowledge of psychology, sociology, organization and work design and Law to manage the workers efficiently rather than personnel department did.

Therefore Human resources is described as much broader in scope than personnel management and major difference can be described as philosophical.

Comparison of Personal Management and HR Management

Personal Management

Human Resource Management

Different Scope




Personnel management is often considered an independent function of an organization.

Personnel management is typically the sole responsibility of an organization’s personnel department.

Personal Manager being the head of individual personnel department head is responsible to do the personnel functions only.

Human resource management, tends to be an integral part of overall company function.

All managers should have the skills to handle personnel-related tasks.

Today HR department head may be a vice president who is responsible to development of the overall organization structure.


Personnel Administration

Determining and Establishing company’s policies and procedures, requirements for employment, commendation and disciplinary procedures, guidelines for dismissals and promotions, and even something as simple as a dress code Similar to Personal Management.


Staffing Functions

The main function of a personnel management is usually staffing process. It was placing individuals with the right skill sets in the right position within the company.

Similar to Personal Management.


Personnel management is more administrative in nature, dealing with payroll, complying with employment law, and handling related tasks. Human resources management is responsible for managing a workforce as one of the primary resources that contributes to the success of an organization.

A primary goal of human resources is to enable employees to work to a maximum level of efficiency.


Personnel management can include administrative tasks that are both traditional and routine. It can be described as reactive, providing a response to demands and concerns as they are presented. Human resources is said to incorporate and develop personnel management tasks, while seeking to create and develop teams of workers for the benefit of the organization.

By contrast, human resource involves ongoing strategies to manage and develop an organization’s workforce. It is proactive, as it involves the continuous development of functions and policies for the purposes of improving a company’s workforce.


Training and Development functions

Developing Training Plans for every staff and conducting.

Additionally, the HR manager may also oversee or at least be involved in the creation of entry level training programs, as well as continuing education opportunities for existing employees.


Motivation functions

Personnel management typically seeks to motivate employees with such things as compensation, bonuses, rewards, and the simplification of work responsibilities.

Human resource management holds that improved performance leads to employee satisfaction. With human resources, work groups, effective strategies for meeting challenges, and job creativity are seen as the primary motivators.


Maintenance functions

Personnel Management maintained the staff or workers by motivating and incentive program

Their activities involved planning company picnics, scheduling vacations, enrolling worker for health care coverage and planning retirement parties.

HR Management make plans for maintenance policies by creating attractive working environment for employee to obtain work satisfaction.

H.R management recognized that a well-adjusted employee is an asset to the company



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